ersonissos is a modern town, located 26 kilometres east of Heraklion, between Anissaras and Stalis. Besides the beautiful scenery, Hersonissos offers lovely beaches, dozens of shops, restaurants, cafeterias, bars and nightclubs to suit every taste. Hersonissos has developed in just a few decades and grown into the largest tourist resort in Crete. Hersonissos is officially named Limenas Hersonissou (“Port of Hersonissos”), because it was once the harbour of the village of Αno Hersonissos (“Upper Hersonissos”).
The history of Hersonissos begins in Minoan Crete, when the city of Cherronesos or Chersonesos stood on the site of the present resort. Pottery and traces of habitation have been discovered, both in Hersonissos itself and the small hill of Kastri above the harbour. In Hellenistic times it became the port of the Dorian city of Lyttos inland, which had become very powerful. From that period dates a wall on Kastri Hill, above the harbour and the small church of Agia Paraskevi, which you see as soon as you walk down the Hersonissos beach road. It is though that here stood a sacred acropolis with a sanctuary dedicated to Artemis Britomartys.
Hersonissos flourished in the Roman period and the first centuries of the Byzantine Empire. The city grew, became more powerful and acquired its own theatre, aqueduct and public baths.
The weather in Crete is characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The climate of Crete is a temperate Mediterranean climate. Sunny, very few windy days but some rain will fall, especially in the west part of Crete during October. The weather is very good for outdoor activities. October is the month that the traditional drink of Crete, raki, is distilled from grape skins. Warm clothes are rarely necessary.